Ultrasound examination of the prostate is divided into two types.
The first — a transabdominal examination of the organ is performed through the anterior abdominal wall. But this method is rarely used for diagnosis. On the one hand, because ultrasound of the prostate gland through the abdominal zone does not allow to fully appreciate the current pathological changes, on the other — the surface technique is not very applicable for men who have problems with excess weight.
Therefore, the second type of ultrasound of the prostate — transrectal obledovanie — is prescribed much more often, and allows the urologist to more accurately establish a diagnosis, and prescribe treatment.
The peculiarity of transrectal ultrasound examination of the prostate gland lies in the fact that the diagnosis is performed by introducing a thin scanner into the rectum of the patient. This method is the most informative because of the characteristics of male anatomy. TRUSY prostate allows the specialist to clearly visualize the contours and internal structure of the organ that a correct diagnosis can be made immediately after the end of the procedure. In addition, right during the TRUS procedure, you can take the necessary amount of tissue for a biopsy and do not resort to manipulation again.
Ultrasound of the prostate, performed through the rectum, has a lot of indications.
Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate is appointed by the urologist when the following symptoms appear in the patient:
After 40-45 years, TRUS in men should be supplemented by blood test results for the presence of a specific antigen.
If the advance preparation for the procedure was carried out correctly, a transrectal examination will help to establish the presence of such anomalous conditions as:
Special preparation for transrectal ultrasound examination of the prostate is not required.
The latest meal before the procedure should be at least 12 hours before it starts. That is, if the examination is scheduled for the morning, limit to a light supper and come to the TRUZI on an empty stomach.
Immediately on the day of the procedure, an hour or two before the procedure, a man should put a cleansing enema. You can do this yourself at home with the help of the usual water enema or a special medical drug from the pharmacy — microclysters. Or you can entrust this process to the medical staff of the clinic.
For 60 minutes before ultrasound examination of the prostate, the patient should drink about 1 liter of fluid and come to the procedure with a complete bladder. This is a prerequisite for obtaining reliable results.
The TRUS procedure lasts from 10 to 20 minutes and practically does not cause the patient uncomfortable sensations.
The main thing is to listen to the doctor’s requests and try to equalize your breathing. During the TRUS, the specialist has the opportunity to assess not only the condition of the prostate, but also the seminal vesicles.
Conducting TRUS in the Center for Progressive Medicine «AVICENNA MED» has many advantages: